Cairnaweeleen—The Cairn of the Little Bald Hill—is situated on a spur on the north-east side of Kesh Corran Mountain, the western extreme
of the Bricklieve Mountain Neolithic Complex. Cairnaweeleen is
244 meters above sea level and has wide and panoramic views across north and east
Sligo. This monument is the most northerly situated cairn of all the cairns and passage-graves within the Bricklieve Mountain complex. This monument was not included in the hurried excavations at Carrowkeel by R. A. S. Macalister, E. C. R. Armstrong and R. L. Praegar in 1911.
is a natural bowl or ampitheater just below the cairn on the north side of the spur, which
opens towards the charming vista of Knocknarea
and Queen Maeve's cairn. The ruinous Carnanweelan passage-grave sits on the highest point of the spur. The chamber was constructed of massive limestone slabs,
and is somewhat intact. There is a huge covering slab over the end of
the chamber, and a second roofslab displaced on the north side.
The chamber has a simple undifferenciated plan (ie, no side recesses), and appears to be
oriented to the Hill of Benbo, the last peak at the east end of the
Ox Mountains. The orientation is towards the direction of the midsummer sunrise. The
covering cairn is mostly missing, probably plundered for building the fieldwalls around the edge of the spur during the 1830's. The remaining cairn is about 15 meters in diameter.
This monument may have been an early platform or tertre form of passage-grave, similar in appearance to the cairns around Lough na Leibe, Cairns M and N at Carrowkeel, and the Carrowmore monuments. These early passage-graves are usually free-standing chambers constructed on a low kerbed platform. The low cairn here may be a later neolithic enhancement of the free-standing monument.
(In the Carrowkeel-Kesh Corann passage tomb cemetery).
On a spur on the northern slopes of Kesh Corann and commanding an extensive outlook to the north. A north-east-facing passage tomb (Length 5 meters) stands towards the north end of a ruined circular cairn (diameter 19 meters; height 0.5m). Some kerbstones at the west side of the cairn and one or two possible examples at the east indicate an original diameter of c. 15 meters.
Eight orthostats form the more easterly side of the tomb. There are four, possibly five, in situ at the opposite side and it is closed by a substantial backstone. An in-turn of the more easterly side divides the tomb into an inner (L 3m; max. Wth 1.5m) and outer (L 2m) compartment. A large roofstone (max. dim. 2.5m) is in place above the inner compartment. A much smaller stone wedged between the forward end of the last and the more westerly side of the tomb may be a displaced roofstone. A large slab (max. dim. 2.1m) leans against the outer face of the more westerly side of the outer compartment and would seem to be a displaced roofstone.
Ten or more relatively small slabs lie displaced at the site. In 1993 a small pocket of cremated bone, apparently a secondary deposition, found near the kerb was later identified as the remains of one adult (Buckley and Mount 1994, 71). An enclosure (SL040-00602-) lies immediately to south. (Ó Nualláin 1989, 84).
are two caves within the spur of Cairnaweeleen. The first is called Poulagaddy, the
Thief's Hole, and a group of bandits or highwaymen are said to have
used it as a refuge there in the seventeenth century. This hole is located within meters of the passage-tomb, and opens straight down into the mountain; perhaps it was used as a quarry for
cairn materials. Poulagaddy is currently filled
with rubble and animal bones.
The presence of a passage-grave right beside a cave is
both unusual and interesting. Irish Passage Graves are artificial caves or wombs, religious buildings constructed to contain the earthly remains of the neolithic farmers. It is highly likely that the chambers were used in some kind of resrurection rituals during neolithic funerals.
An enclosure which may well date from the neolithic connects the Carnanweelan passage-grave to the Thief's Hole.
On the north end of a spur of Kesh Corann and immediately south of a passage tomb (SL040-006001-). A roughly D-shaped area (26.5 meters north to south; 29 meters east to west) enclosed by remnants of a stone wall (Width 2 meters; height 0.3 meters) which survives as low sod-covered hummocks from which large stones protrude. The wall can be traced in a broad curve west-northwest to south and at north it merges with the sod-covered base of the passage tomb cairn, appearing to post-date the cairn. A natural rocky scarp defines the straight west side of the enclosure. The enclosure encompasses most of the level ground on the top of the spur.
The School Cave
The second cave is known as the School Cave, and it is said that a hedge school was conducted
there in the Penal Times, when teachers and priests were outlawed and had a price on their heads,
often taking refuge in the hills and out-of-the-way places.
To the eastern side of that hill of Keash there is a cave called the school-cave which is situated in Edward Healy's field Corranaweelan, Ballymote. You would find pieces of slate pencils there which proves that people went to school there.
It is said that three men entered the cave They tied a long rope at the outside and carrying with them a lighted candle they entered the cave. The travelled on and on until they came to a lake where a little red woman was washing clothes. The candle was worn before they reached the lake so that they had nothing only the rope to guide them back.
At the head of the school-cave the is a thing called the giant's table which is composed of four stones. two of them are standing on end and a flat one of top. The other one is thrown away.
The School Cave opens in the cliff on the
east face of Cairnanweeleen, and looks out across the Carrowkeel cairns
and Treanmacmurtagh, the peak between Carrowkeel and Kesh Corran.
Immediately below the School Cave is a large mound, possibly a barrow,
with a small ringfort or enclosure beside it.