Gaelic League 1910—1912

Bishop Clancy
Bishop Clancy.

In June of 1910 Fr. O'Flanagan returned to Ireland. In August, after attending a meeting he was elected to the executive of the Gaelic League. He reported 'the existence in every part of the States of an Irish population that is ever anxious to hear of home progress and to meet any representatives of any Irish movement'. Within a few weeks of his appointment to the standing committee the Gaelic League asked him to return to United States on another fundraising mission.

Along with Fionan McColum he traveled back to America to commence another round of fundraising. He went with the blessing of Bishop Clancy, who published a letter congratulating Fr. O'Flanagan on his selection. This mission was 'moderately successful' remitting £3,054 between March 1911 and July 1912. He returned to Ireland where Bishop Clancy appointed him curate in Roscommon in 1912.

The following articles are from newspapers reporting on his trip.

Meeting held to promote the Gaelic language

The attendance at the meeting of the Irish Language society, last night, was disappointingly small, but the enthusiasm of those present was great. The percentage of those who understand Gaelic was large, as was shown by the manner in which the speech of Fionan MacColum, in the Gaelic was received.

The decorations of the theatre were simple but in good taste, being limited to a few Irish and American flags. The principal speaker of the evening, Rev. Michael O'Flanagan, made a splendid address, closing with an eloquent appeal to help the movement along and not allow the Gaelic language, the language of their forefathers, to perish but rather to so encourage the movement that it will eventually roll back the wave Anglicism that has so long cursed Ireland. He spoke entirely in English except his opening sentences which were in Gaelic.

The concert given in connection with the lecture was excellent and was composed entirely of Irish music. Mrs. E. J. O'Neil with her splendid contralto voice was heard to a good advantage in two Irish songs that touched the hearts of her hearers, they being 'Mavourneen Dilish' and 'When Shall the Day Break in Ireland?' Both were well sung and with the proper amount of feeling and expression. Miss Anna Hartigan pleased in her two selections, 'Kilarney,' and 'The Meeting of the Waters.' . John Hughes was good, as he always is, he singing 'Sentenced to Death,' and 'They Have Won Every Nation's Battles But Their Own.' Miss N. O. O'Mahoney of New Haven also sang very sweetly two songs. Greatly to the disappointment of the committee, F. Coffee of New York, who was expected to be present and play the Irish war pipes wearing an old time Irish costume, was unable to be here on account of sickness.

The two envoys arrived on the 5:27 train from Boston, and were met at the station by a majority of the committee and escorted to the Atlantic hotel where they were entertained during their stay here.

Mayor, Chairman

For some reason or other the affair did not begin until after 8.30. Seated on the stage were the two envoys, the mayor and chairman of the meeting, J. J. McCarthy. Four numbers or the concert were first given after which Chairman J. J. McCarthy introduced Mavor E. T. Buckingham as the chairman of the evening.

Mr. McCarthy first read the telegram from Mr. Coffee announcing he would not be here and the reason, after which he went on to say that it was only the second time in 18 years that the Gaelic league had sent envoys here, the other time being some five years ago when Dr. Douglas Hyde had spoken here. The speakers of the evening were his lieutenants.

Mayor Voices Approval

Letter from Bishop Clancy to fr. Michael, 1910.
Letter from Bishop Clancy to Fr. Michael, 1910.

Mayor Buckingham after alluding to tune fact tn at tune day was Lincoln's birthday went on to speak of the part the Irish had borne in the memorable struggle of which Lincoln was the chief feature and also how they had fought valiantly in the Revolution and had been foremost in every fight for liberty, said he cordially approved of the Gaelic league movement at the conclusion of his remarks he introduced Rev. Father O'Flanagan.

The salutation of the reverend gentleman was given in Gaelic after which he dropped back into English which he handled with great ease and fluency.

He said that liberty was the greatest gift of God to man and was not given to any one nation but all, although some had to struggle longer and harder for it. Liberty was in the hearts of all. The Gaelic text book and the spear and lance are weapons for securing Irish liberty, and to let her live her own life, in her own way. The Irish people were a normal people and this movement was a normal one. Ireland had given this country over 5,000,000 of her best and average citizens and he thought they would compare as favorably as the people coming here from any other country. There was no place too big for an Irishman to aspire to and fill. There was nothing especially different from the other European races to the Irish people.

Danger to Civilization

Gaelic League magazine 1910
An article about Fr. O'Flanagan's fundraising trip to the USA in An Cliadheamh Solus, the journal of the Gaelic League.

The speaker went on to speak of the crime of attempting to change a nation so as to make it resemble another and lose all of its own characteristics. He called this a great danger to the civilized world as well. The schools of America, which make this the most foremost country of the world, teach that all children should not be brought up alike but any particular bent or inclination of each should be fostered and encouraged. It was the same with the nations as with children, but in spite of alt this England had been laboring for centuries to make Ireland a second England, forgetful of the fact the people were radically different. This has resulted In losing to the world a distinctive nation and giving a second-rate England. The system of education pursued in Ireland is calculated to bring about this very result but the finished products of that system were very few and far between. He cited how the reading books used permitted but only a scanty reference to Ireland with laudatory ones of England and Englishmen. The sons of Irish landlords were educated in England and thus soon despised their native land where as if they were educated in Ireland it might be different and they might possibly be willing to do something for it.

Has Glorious Past

It has been decided that the remedy to counteract all this English system is to educate the Irish people in the Gaelic language so that they might become interested in Irish literature and history thus learning that Ireland has a glorious past. This remedy offered by the Gaelic league has been accepted by the people and after years of agitation the new Irish national university has decreed that beginning with 1918 all students must pass an examination in this language for admission. Now 3,066 primary schools In Ireland out of 8,000 teach this language, while in high schools and colleges still greater progress has been made. The idea is to nationalize the entire educational system in Ireland and through it to re-nationalize the entire country. This work cannot be done in a day or a year.

To supplement the work of the schools, 150 traveling teachers are employed. On Saturdays and Sundays, they teach the parents so that the language is now used ordinarily by about 750,000 people. It is thus giving new life and vigor to the Irish people. Under the auspices of these traveling teachers about 60 celebrations are held annually in Ireland at which prizes are given for the best song, speech, story and useful articles made in Gaelic. The pride of the country is being aroused to purchase articles 'Made in Ireland' in preference to those of English manufacture, in decided contrast, to what was done a few years ago. On St. 'Patrick's day collections for the league are taken up all over Ireland, that country contributing nearly $75,000 to its support, while about $225,000 comes from this country.

Movement Spreading

From then on the speaker eulogized the Gaelic language telling what it had been used for, how St. Patrick prayed it, how King. Brian Boru used it, and the like. Still it was allowed to fall into such a state that many of the Irish people were getting ashamed of it and had not the league taken it up it would soon have vanished from Ireland. This movement to restore this language to use has now extended to every part of Ireland, while the language had been if allowed to languish for one or two generations more would have died out entirely. No real Irishman can stand by and see this tragedy enacted. The speaker said he had strong hopes of the language and the Irish people. He looked forward to the day when the Gaelic language would roll back the flood of Anglicism which had so long threatened the nation Finnan McColum, the second speaker made hike remarks entirely in Gaelic, he speaking about 13 minutes and holding the close interest of his hearers. Chairman McCarthy closed the meeting, by stating to whom contributions might be made and extending to all an invitation to attend the meetings of the Irish Language society.

Bridgeport Evening Farmer, February 13, 1911.


The Evening Times, Grand Forks, North Dakota. May 10, 1911.


THAT it is possible to get Irish men together on one object and keep them enthusiastic workers at it for seventeen years, though they differ widely in religious and political views, is proved by the remarkable history of the Gaelic league.

Its messengers now in America from the parent body on the 'old sod' are the Rev. Father Michael O'Flanagan and Mr. Fionan MacColum, and to look after the art industry side of the campaign are the Misses Marian O'Shea, Brigit O'Quinn, Eileen Noone and Brlgit MacLaughlln. A mass meeting will be held in Chicago on May 11 to celebrate the success of their winter's propaganda, and they, hope to take back to the educational fund of the league an even greater fund than the $55,000 subscribed by American sympathizers five years ago.

League Has Dual Purpose

The league has two purposes. One is the restoration of Gaelic as a spoken tongue and the other the revival of Irish arts and Industries.

The headquarters are in Dublin, in charge of President Douglas Hyde, and there are branches in each of the thirty-two counties in Ireland, with a total membership of 50,000. When the league was organized there was scarcely a school in which Gaelic was taught. Now there are 181 schools in which the whole course of study is bilingual English and Gaelic - and in 3066 out of the 8,538 Irish primary schools the ancient language is taught either as an ordinary or as an added subject. Then the league has established six summer and four winter colleges in which Gaelic is the only language used. And the crowning victory is the determination of the senate of the National university to make Irish a necessary subject for entrance beginning with the year 1913.

The league's success in the revival of arts and industries has been quite as great. Thousands of young folks have been made self supporting, and thousands more are making bigger salaries than they ever dreamed of making except they emigrated.

Newspaper 1911
The Rock Island Argos, 20 May 1911.

Across top of cut left to right: historically accurate fifteenth century frock, rug weaving, lace making and embroidering, a genuine piper, the Rev. Michael O'Fianagan, Fionan MacColum, another fifteenth century dress. At the bottom, a real Irish harp, a girl bagpipist, the cross of Erin, a monk painting a missal.

Tremendous Industrial Boom

An interesting example of how Ireland's high class exports are increasing is shown in its trade with just one American city, St. Louis. Four years ago, when Father O'Flanagan first began to arouse in that city public interest in the league, the average value of goods imported from the Emerald Isle was $20,000 per year. But In 1910 there passed through the St. Louis, custom house Irish goods to the value of $315,187, divided as follows: Linens, $233,488; fabrics, $25,189; handkerchiefs, $12,742 laces, $6,062; Miscellaneous, $87,766.

As Father O'Flanagan said in one of his speeches 'You who have endured the pangs of sorrow, the heartbreak, when you parted with your parents, your relatives, your sweethearts and friends when leaving the Green Isle know what it would have meant to you to have been able to secure profitable employment at home.'

Colleens as Pretty as Clever

The four young ladies who have come over to show their American sisters how to train their nimble fingers to reproduce old Irish art work are experts in their respective lines and are as pretty as they an clever. They come from the 'four winds of Erin,' and each has the typical beauty of her locality. One has sloe black hair and deep blue eyes, another has shimmering bronze hair and brown eyes, an other brown has light blue eyes and marble skin, and another auburn hair and gray eyes.

Brigit Quinn 1911.
Brigit Quinn.

Miss O'Shea lectures, while Miss O'Quinn makes Limerick lace and Irish crochet. Miss Noone makes marquetry and repousse leather work and Miss MacLaughlln weaves rugs.

At the lectures the colleens wear gowns that are historically perfect reproductions of Gaelic fifteenth century dress. They are loose fitting tunics made in one piece with a girdle of cord, from which a purse is suspended. The designs are copied from the Book of Kells, in Trinity college, Dublin.

'It will probably surprise most Americans, as, I am frank to say, it did us,' said Mr. MacColum, 'to know that on this continent there are 500,000 per sons who speak Gaelic. There are 50,000 in New York city alone. You can imagine their interest in this revival of their mother tongue, and we have published for them in the last three years scores of works in Irish - histories, novels, plays, poems and operas.'

Great Temperance Factor

One very important feature of the league is its constant teaching of temperance. The clergy, the employers, the police and even the publicans are praising it for the fine results it has achieved. Dr. Hyde's idea is to have all through the long winter frequent Gaelic concerts and dances, and the 130 organizers and traveling teachers must know how to dance and sing and play the pipes as well as understand the intricacies of the Irish vocabulary.

Then in summer there is the fels, or, as we would say, educational festival, and, thanks to the league influence, the sight of even one drunken man at these gatherings is extremely rare. It is a strict rule of the league that no intoxicants shall be offered for sale at its festivities, and no meetings for either business, study or sport may be held in a house where liquor is sold.

The league is also reviving the old Irish games and customs, including the ceilidh, or roadside dance, and the hurling match. It recognizes that healthy amusement has become a necessity in modern life. It works to elevate the tastes of the people. While promoting real fun and humor, It steadily discourages not only objectionable entertainments, but also those which are merely vulgar.

Gaelic Older Than Latin

Fr. Michael in 1911.
REV. MICHAEL O'FLANAGAN: - Irish Envoy Who Addressed Irish Language Societies in Poll's Theatre Yesterday.

Gaelic is the principal living branch of the old Celtic language, which was spoken over western Europe before Rome was built. The names of many rivers and mountains in western and central Europe prove this, just as the Indian names of places in America prove that that language was once spoken In the greater part of the United States. For instance, there is the river Garonne in France. That would be written in Irish 'Garbhann,' which means rough river. The Rhone would be 'Ruadhabhann,' meaning red river. The termination 'abhann,' meaning 'river, is found all through Great Britain under the form 'avon.' There are plenty of good old Gaelic words in English, like 'galore,' spelled 'goleor,' which means plenty or enough. 'Shanty' is simply 'Sean tigh' which means 'Old House'.

There are nine varieties of lace made in Ireland, and there are about 10,000 girls constantly engaged in its manufacture, while there are two or three times that number who intermittently or not altogether as a means of livelihood work at lace making. From 50 to 75 cents per day of right hours work will perhaps be the average pay of the lace makers, although it should be stated in this connection that a dollar there has about twice the purchasing power which it has here.

All Irish lace is made by hand. The implements are simple sewing or crochet needles, depending upon the design of the lace to be made, and for certain varieties a small frame, upon which the threads are woven. Irish point lace is the most expensive variety and sells for about $35 per yard. It requires two or three weeks for an operator to produce a yard of this lace. Of course there are masterpieces in lace making, just as in any other branch of art. As the value of a wonderful painting may assume fabulous proportions, so very large sums are paid for lace creations which may be classed as masterpieces.

Revival of the Bagpipe

And through the persistence of the league the bagpipe has come into its own again. It disappeared from Irish firesides except a few remote districts in the west until its reappearance at the Feiseanna brought it again into popular favor. The women are taking up the study of the bagpipe well as of the harp, and a colleen with the drones over her shoulder makes a delightful picture.

UNDER the auspices of the O'Growney branch of the Gaelic league a public welcome will be given to Father O'Flanagan, who is is San Francisco in the Interest of the lace making Industry, of Ireland. The reception will be free to all, and men and women of Irish birth and descent are expected to attend in large numbers to hear Father O'Fianagan's address on the 'Irish Industrial movement.' Father O'Flanagan is a fluent, eloquent and interesting talker and his message from the old land will be well worth hearing.

The reception will be held at St. Peter's hall, Alabama and Twenty-fourth streets, next Tuesday evening, June 2 - A brief but select program of vocal and instrument selections will precede Father O'Flanagan's remarks as follows:

Michael O'Mahoney, principal of the O'Growney school, will introduce the chairman of the evening, who will be a man with rare knowledge of the Irish revival movement; chairman's address; Irish airs; the O'Growney musical society; Gaelic songs, children of St. Peter's school; selection of Irish airs on the violln by Professor Batt Scanlan; Gaelic song, Miss Loretto A. Barr; lecture on the national revival movement In Ireland, Rev. Father O'Flanagan; 'Slainte n-Gaedheal, Miss Loretto A. Barr, assisted by the members of the O'Growney school.

The committee in charge of the reception consists of Joseph Kelly, Conor Murphy, James J. Caniffe, Frank S. Drady, Michael O'Mahoney, Thomas O'Connor, Daniel O'Connell, Daniel Harnedy and Miss Frances X Barr. The doors will open promptly at 7 o'clock. The program will begin at 8 o'clock.

A Gaelic Alliance in the States

By An tAthair O'Flannagain.

A Chara Dhilis,

It is a long time since you asked me to write you an article for An Clearheaded on the prospects of the Gaelic Alliance in the United States. Amid the pressure of work here I have found it difficult to comply with your request, but I have not lost sight of it, and now I have a whole day on the train traveling from Denver to Oklahoma City, I am able to give your readers the benefit of some ideas that may be of interest and value in forwarding the project.

Every movement for the betterment of Ireland has numerous active friends in America. There is not a city of any size or importance in the United States which does not contain a number of men of Irish birth or descent who are willing to give their time and money in support of any activity that tends to improve the standing of the people in Ireland. Some of them are close students of Irish history, and understand present-day conditions. They have read the latest books upon Ireland, such as "Rambles in Eirinn," "Contemporary Ireland," and the "Making of Ireland and its Undoing." They subscribe for some of the leading Irish weekly papers published both at home and here, and they gladly avail of the advent of any representative of any Irish movement to learn more about progress in the old land.

Some of these, especially amongst the older generations, are strong partisans of some particular Irish political movement. They are divided into two more or less antagonistic camps. They are so much taken up in forwarding each side of their own particular movement, that it is very hard to arouse in them anything more than a passing interest in the Gaelic League. Get Home Rule first and then teach Irish or anything else you like in your schools, say the supporters of one party. Get rid of English political domination, say the others, and then the people themselves can decide whether they are to have Irish or not. I do not, of course, mean to say that this is the attitude of all. Many people belonging to either party have a full appreciation of the value of the Gaelic League and its relationship to other nationalist movements.

In these circumstances the great need is propaganda. The Gaelic League has got the true gospel of Irish nationality to preach, and it is only by the most persistent preaching that it can make converts. It is only by the most insistent preaching that it can hold on to the converts it has already made. It is by the most capable and effective preaching that it can get the greatest possible amount of usefulness out of its own most devoted adherents. This is true in Ireland but still more true in America. Here the forces that tend to wean away our people and make them forget their nationality are stronger than they are in Ireland. They require to be overcome by more rigorous measures.

The success of the Gaelic Alliance in America is entirely a question of the amount and quality of the amount of work that is done in promoting it. The attitude of the Gaelic League in America must be entirely different from that of the Irish political movements. The Gaelic League must not look upon America merely as a source of so much financial assistance and moral support. The Gaelic League has more to give than to receive. The work of the Gaelic League is giving a new stimulus and a new inspiration to the Irish in every land. Irish music is just as sweet on the banks of the Mississippi as on the banks of the Shannon. An Irish audience in Denver will have its heart made just as warm by an Irish jig or reel as an Irish audience in Castlerea. Father O'Leary's description of the Battle of Clontarf will stir the blood of an Irishman just as surely in Montano as in Clare. There is no reason why a Gaelic League Feis should become as much an annual matter of course in the leading cities of America as it is in the leading towns of Ireland.

To do all this requires work. The Gaelic League should have a permanent staff of organizers in America. It should send out each year at least one of its best lecturers. The work will grow from year to year. Our work for the past year has so enlarged the field of interest that Mr. Shane Leslie's reception will be much more cordial than it would have been a year ago. By the time that he is through the country will still be more ripe for the coming of another. The Gaelic League can get £5,000 a year in America if it only goes after it, and keeps after it in the right way.

Mise do chara,


624 Madison Avenue, New York.

Father O'Flannagain and Fionan Mac Coluim

We could not, were we to devote a whole page of AN CLIADHEAMH every week to their doings, make known to our readers the full extent of the work of Father O'Flannagain and Fionan Mac Coluim, and of the small band of workers who are assisting them to make modern Ireland, the Ireland of to-day, with its half-dozen movements and leagues, known to our people in the United States, for the purpose of interesting and securing their support. They are doing much more than raising money—and they have raised a goodly sum—beyond.

They are, as Father O'Flannagain told us a fortnight ago, giving the Irish of the States something which money could not procure for them—a knowledge of their nationality, of its wealth of good things in the shape of language, literature, music, art and industries. Father Tom Burke toured the great cities of the States to refute the libels on his race by that most characteristically English historian, Froude.

The work of Father O'Flannagain and Fionan Mac Coluim will dispel much of the ignorance of Ireland which exists among those of our own people to whom our seoinin schools denied all knowledge of their native land. Their campaign, which has in one short year been carried across from New England to the Pacific Coast, will leave our people a stronger and more mobile body in America, more respected by the other races of that motley nation, and more anxious and powerful to help us in the fight for our nationhood here at home.

The latest returns show Ireland's external trade is increasing. It will, we are confident, be found that the trade of this country will in a few years have gone up enormously as a direct result of the work of the Gaelic League missionaries. The lace industry, of which the importance is not yet fully realized at home, is benefiting by the exhibits which are being made in every great city of the States. The trade that is thus established will help to spread a remunerative industry in the Gaedhealtacht, and will bring life and contentment where discontentment and despair have been prevalent.

Arts and crafts, like those of Dun Emer, which we hope to see spreading out to many other centers, are already feeling the impetus which the Gaelic League traveling exhibition has given the sale of Irish goods. Without industry there can be no life, no nation. We are just beginning to wake up to the importance of a foreign trade for Ireland. Father O'Flannagain long ago recognized the value of America, where there are millions of our own people, as a market for Irish goods. He and Fionan Mac Coluim are remaining in the States for the winter and spring to continue the campaign in which Shane Leslie has gone to assist them. The indebtedness of the Gaelic League to these three men will not soon be forgotten.

An Cliadheamh Soluis, 2nd December 1911.


Rev. Michael O'Flanagan, professor in Summerhill College, Sligo, Ireland, who is on a tour of America as delegate of the Gaelic League, delivered a lecture on the Irish Language movement in the Auditorium of Notre Dame University, Notre Dame, Indiana, on Thursday afternoon, November 16th.

Father O'Flanagan came to America for the first time in September, 1904. This visit was made for the purpose of lecturing on the Irish Industrial Movement, the proceeds of his lectures being devoted to the payment of a large debt upon a new convent and Technical School that had been founded by the most Rev. John Clancy, D.D., bishop of his home diocese. During his first visit he learned that large quantities of machine lace, turned out in Switzerland and Germany, were sold as genuine Irish hand-made lace. In order to put a stop to this, as far as possible, he determined to educate the American to an appreciation of real Irish lace. At first he tried to do this by speaking on the subject in his public addresses, and telling about it in his interviews with newspaper reporters.

He found, however, after a short time that mere talking about the subject would not carry him very far. In September, 1905, he made a new departure. A great Fair was being organized by the Ancient Order of Hibernians of New York County. Father O'Flanagan returned to Ireland and brought out with him two nuns from the Loughglynn Convent, County Roscommon, and a party of four girls to give demonstrations of lace making and rug weaving. The Fair lasted for three weeks and was attended by over 50,000 people. This success was mainly due to the great interest created by the presence of the group of workers from Ireland. It was looked upon as marking a new era in Ireland's appeal to America. Amongst those who visited the exhibition was Archbishop Farley. He admired the work of the Irish sisters so much that he invited them to open a convent in New York, which is now presided over by one of the nuns who came from Loughglynn.

The next problem that presented itself was how to carry the work to the other large cities of America. Difficulties of detail were encountered which delayed the enterprise for two years.

In September, 1907, a new beginning was made at a big department store in Philadelphia. A party of young women from Loughglynn, but without any nuns in charge, started giving demonstrations in the stores. For nearly three years they continued this work visiting fifty-one of the largest cities in the United States and Canada. During that time they were visited by about a million and a half people. Irish hand-made lace became generally known and recognized all over America, and incidentally by the profits of the exhibition the entire debt of $16,000 under which the Loughglynn Convent labored was wiped out. Father O'Flanagan returned to Ireland hoping that his wanderings were at an end.

Meanwhile the Gaelic League had expended the $50,000 which Dr. Douglas Hyde had collected in 1905 and 1906. Father O'Flanagan's name was suggested for the second American mission and met with general approval. Bishop Clancy gave his cordial approval, and in October, 1910, Father O'Flanagan returned to America, this time the official representative of a great organization having branches in all parts of Ireland.

During the past twelve months he has gone all over the United States, again addressing public meetings in most of the big cities of the country and lecturing before a large number of Universities, Colleges and Academies.

He soon found that a new enemy had grown up to injure the prospects of the lace makers of Ireland. Imitations of Irish lace made by hand in France, Austria, Turkey, Japan and in America itself, and resembling the real article much more closely than the machine made imitations, are on sale mixed up indiscriminately with Irish laces in the lace departments of nearly every store in America. The fight for Irish lace must be kept up permanently. Last March an exhibition of Irish lace and rug making, under Gaelic League Auspices, was organized, and has already gone all round the country from New York to Los Angeles. It is at present in the Henry Speigel Co. store in Boston where it will remain until Christmas.

Father O'Flanagan has now got three fellow workers in the field, Mr. Fionan Mac Colum, who came from Ireland with him a year ago, and Messrs. Shane Leslie and Donal O'Connor, who have recently arrived. It is the present intention of the Gaelic League to be represented permanently in America, both by lectures and by an exhibition of Irish industries.

An Cliadheamh Soluis, 2nd December 1911.

Gaelic League disowns

League Disowns the Irish Players

Have nothing to do with the Gaelic Revival Movement, Says Father O'Flanagan.

Lady Gregory Not In It

"Irish for Ireland," the Gaelic League's Aim, Says the Envoy to This Country.

The Gaelic League, which is said to have a membership of 100,000 in Ireland and of about 20,000 in this country, has repudiated Lady Gregory, William Butler Yeats, and the Irish Players of the Abbey Theatre, Dublin, who are now appearing in this city. The Rev. Michael O'Flanagan received this cable message yesterday:

Dublin, Ireland, Dec 3 1911.

The Rev. Michael O'Flanagan, Gaelic League Envoy, Emmet Arcade, 624 Madison Avenue, New York:

The Gaelic League has no connection whatsoever with Abbey Theatre productions.

DOUGLAS HYDE, President;

PATRICK O'DALY, Secretary.

Father O'Flanagan received just before attending a reception at the rooms of the Gaelic Society, in West Forty-sixth Street, to Shane Leslie, his fellow delegate, who arrived here three weeks ago. While Mr. Leslie was describing to a crowded roomful the progress that the league is making in Ireland, Father O'Flanagan wrote out this statement for the reporters:

"Douglas Hyde's cablegram is meant to correct a false notion that has gone abroad in America that the Irish plays now being staged under the management of Lady Gregory at the Maxine Elliot Theatre were in some way connected with the Gaelic revival movement in Ireland. Neither Lady Gregory nor William Butler Yeats were ever elected to the governing body of the league. Neither of them has ever been present at a National Convention of the league. Not one of the authors whose plays are now being staged in New York is recognized in Ireland as a prominent Gaelic leaguer."

"Two bodies can speak officially for the Gaelic League, its Coisde Gnótha, or Executive Committee, and the Ard Fheis, or annual convention. Neither of these bodies has ever made any pronouncement upon the Abbey Theatre productions. The reason for this is that nobody considered that the Abbey Theatre productions had sufficient influence for or against the Gaelic movement to warrant discussion by either of these bodies. The plays are written in a new dialect of English produced by a literal translation of Gaelic idioms into Irish. This is a purely literary dialect, and is not spoken in any part of Ireland. The Gaelic League is not interested in the creation of a new English dialect. Its concern is with the Irish language The spirit of the Gaelic League is a thing entirely different from the spirit of the Abbey Theatre, the very antithesis of it in many ways."

"Have either Lady Gregory or William Butler Yeats ever stated that they did represent the Gaelic League?" Father O'Flanagan was asked.

"No," Father O'Flanagan admitted, "but they are constantly referring to it and talking about it as if they were connected with it. A newspaper for example, recently quoted, recently quoted Lady Gregory as saying: 'We are the Gaelic revival.' As a matter of fact, neither Lady Gregory nor Mr. Yeats has any standing in Ireland so far as their connection with the Gaelic revival is concerned. The dialect they use is merely a literal translation of Irish into English. They merely touch upon things connected with the revival in their work. The furore over them in this country is indeed a great surprise to us. More is heard of them here in one week than has been heard of them in Ireland in a whole lifetime."

Shane Leslie said Father O'Flanagan's statements represented his views.

At the Hotel A;gonquin, where Lady Gregory has been staying since she arrived with her Irish players in this city a fortnight ago, it was said that she had gone to Rochester and would not return till Tuesday. When she was interviewed by a Times reporter at the time of her arrival in this city she said that she had been entertained by the Gaelic League in Boston, but did not assert that either she or Mr. Yeats had any official connection with the league.

About 300 members of the Gaelic League attended last night's reception. Mrs. Helen O'Donnel and Edward O'Mahony sang a number of national airs in the Irish tongue. Speeches welcoming Mr. Leslie were made by Patrick Egan, former Minister to Chile, and others.

Mr. Leslie described briefly the aims of the league.

"We are striving for a revival of the Irish language and the study of Irish history and literature," he said, "The story of Ireland has been distorted hitherto because it has been told in a foreign tongue by foreign historians. What the league above all is fighting for is not Ireland for the Irish so much as the Irish for Ireland."

New York Times, December 4, 1911.

Father O'Flanagan in Indiana

Notre Dame University, Indiana, is one of the largest and best known of all the Catholic colleges in America. Like many of the great American schools it does a great deal of intermediate and even primary education work. It has about 1,000 students, all boarders, ranging in age from 11 upwards. The President of the University is the very Rev. John Cavanagh, C.S.C., a man who has the fullest grasp of the vital importance of the Gaelic League movement to the future of the Irish nation. He seems to see it in the fact with the clearness of the great scholars of continental Europe, and is surprised that so many people at home in Ireland fail to appreciate it.

At least three public lecture every week are given at the University. All the great public speakers of the country, Catholic and non-Catholic, as well as distinguished visitors from foreign countries are invited to speak at the University. The students publish a weekly paper called the "Notre Dame Scholastic," in which notices of these lectures are given every week. We quote the following from the issue of November 18th:—

"The Rev. Michael O'Flanagan, of the diocese of Elphin, Ireland, lectured to a rather small, but deeply interested, house on Thursday evening on the Gaelic Revival. Father O'Flanagan presented the purposes of the League in clear, concise language, and betimes brought from his sympathetic listeners generous applause when he wandered from facts and figures to the high regions of patriotism. Father O'Flanagan is a worthy representative of a high cause. He is not given to over-statement; he phrases his thoughts after the manner of a craftsman in language; and there are moments when his words are rich with feeling. We will listen to him any time with pleasure."

Appreciation as cordial as this appears very rarely in the "Scholastic."